Satya Wacana Conference & Seminar, International Conference on Human Resource Management

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Access to Job for Disabled, A case study of Disabled Workers in Salatiga
Eko Rizqi, Roos Kities Andadari

Date: 2016-09-27 10:30 AM – 11:30 AM
Last modified: 2016-09-15


People with disabilities have a disorder, damage, or loss of function of a body organ. Disabilities can be divided into two groups, namely physical disorders such as hearing loss, speech impairment, vision loss, and loss of other body functions, while the second disturbance is non-physical, such as mental retardation, social behavioral disorders, or mental disorders. This disability becomes an obstacle or barrier that prevents an individual from participating fully and effectively in public life. By signing "The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” on October 18, 2011, Indonesia recognizes equality for persons with disabilities. Equality means acknowledging equal rights for the disabled as normal people (who are not impaired). One important issue faced by disabled individuals is accessibility to employment. Although there are laws that ensure the realization of equality in obtaining employment for the disabled, it has not yet become a reality. This study focuses on several physically disabled individuals to measure their employment accessibility. This research looks at 9 cases of slightly disabled individuals who live in the Salatiga and are gainfully employed. The data was collected by interviewing disabled persons who were selected through a snowball sampling method. This study found that the disabled have low access to employment. Access is related to receiving job vacancy information and then training. Prospective workers with disabilities have difficulties in getting job information. In addition to the lack of knowledge, the economic condition of workers with disabilities makes them unable to buy a newspaper regularly or use the Internet to access job information. Access to information is also difficult due to low willingness of employment providers (the companies which have vacant jobs). Employment providers frequently emphasize requirements that are difficult to be fulfilled by disabled persons, so that they are unable to work for firms. Meanwhile, access to previous training and company provided training is low for the disabled. The availability of specialized training institutes outside the company for the disabled is minimal or has very little organization to set up specific programs to improve the skills of the disabled. The companies do not provide training for the disabled, a training infrastructure, or instructors. In general, it can be concluded that disabled individuals’ low accessibility to formal jobs is due to the unfriendly environment for disabled employees.


disabled person, physical disorders, access to job, equal rights

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